The conservation of earth is in hands of dwellers .Now the question comes who are dwellers, just by inhabiting we don’t become actual dwellers as we are just utilizing the resources but not giving back anything in return to our mother earth!
The real dwellers are those who share emotional and psychological bonding with natural resources and have immense knowledge to protect and conserve it by means of natural process .The indigenous groups or the tribals have ample knowledge about preservation of earth but how much we have really thought to incorporate their knowledge in scientific communication process of sustainable development.
We as humans have one strong power and that is to communicate with each other; infact with this communication power we have brought about revolution and modern high tech world.
Now it’s high time to go to basics. ‘Basics’ does not mean non progressive thoughts but it means to protect earth by means of effective science communication among different groups in society.’Different groups’ term have been used mainly because as humans we do belong to different countries in the world but basically the difference in socio-cultural patterns put as into different groups .To chalk out effective participatory earth conservation model we need to follow some group principles so that as global world we can approach towards common goal .
To reach towards our goal science communication can play a major role. The more effective technique we will evolve to get across science communication the more would be the effect. But unlike yester years where we are just endorsing science survey and reports as news and means of communication, this time we need to think via participatory model.
The later model of communication is known as traditional method .This is also known as deficit model of communication where we are considering audience as naïve and ignorant. But such type of communication do not yield much needed results.
But when it comes to non traditional method the main focus is on participatory model, here main emphasis is given on participation of the audience .For any news or mission related with conservation of our planet, only participatory model can work.
For example while writing reports in one of the most tribal dominated state in India .i.e. Madhya Pradesh, I have found that tribal’s have ample of knowledge about flora and fauna of their culture . No modern technique can beat their knowledge since they are dwellers of forest their connection with nature is direct in terms of livelihood .Accordingly for them the conservation of earth is part of habit which they don’t have to inculcate .Here science and technology can play as good medium to enhance their productivity . But infact reverse development is being observed .For example while covering for a remote village known as Rathed which is located at Chhindwara district in Madhya Pradesh India, I found that they do have internet access but no proper health facilities. Now the question comes what has earth conservation to do with this??
The conservation of earth or any natural resources is directly related with the locals. Here the tribal’s knowledge is not being utilized infact they have been provided academic education which does not help them to increase their productivity but may get them white collar jobs .They are being offered reservations in government jobs and the youngsters want to gets educated and get employed jobs outside the village .When it comes to their knowledge of forefathers about herbs and other products which some old age group still sell locally , they don’t know to get proper buyers .So many of the flora species is being destroyed and they inspite of being witness to it unable to record it or to help scientist to tell the reason . The depletion of many species of plants also relate with insects and pollination process and result is basically not minor in food ecosystem.
Their strategy to conserve mother species , organic farming is far more effective as many of the herbal products they consume make them immune to many diseases .Inspite of poor health facilities , the average death rate among tribes is low .Even for maternity health care , most of them have no choice but home delivery .Though during emergencies it results to fatal accidents as well .But when it comes to emotional and physical strength they are much stronger .Their immune system is so much developed that hardly any kind of stress affects them as they go back to nature whenever such circumstances arrives especially during relationship break ups , death of loved one etc .Many of the community does not have even police station and even to cover up internal disputes , local head of the tribal community is being contacted .
Such untouched and unexplored world has to offer lots of techniques to so called ‘modern’ world and ‘modern’ people .The earth conservation needs to be drawn not only by planning and chalking out strategy in big metros and cities in world .
Big metros and cities do have pollution levels and technology to access the pollution parameters but when it comes to solutions of modern world problem, we need to seek help from remote villagers. Their effective participation to control pollution and conserve earth can play very vital role .
Cornering them and their issues will not only make them alienated but infact it will also stop them to share their knowledge of preserving flora and fauna which will be big loss to the modern world .
For example , there is a species of plant called Dahiman tree which is found exclusively in forest in Central India mainly in Korea district in Chhattisgarh , it is known to cure diseases not only physical ailments like blood pressure , jaundice but also to curb the negative energy in individual to reduce stress level . The scientific approach to study this plant species is missing as no major publicity is given about this plant because of fear that this could lead to extinction of that plant species .Like this there are many such information which can be shared via effective communication and incorporating participation from the community dwellers instead of taking a paranoid stand about their activities.